The ‘Burden Of Disease’ In Those Who Recover From Addiction

Excessive use of drugs and alcohol may lead to mental and physical health problems, some of which include anxiety, melancholy , diabetes, liver disorder, and heart disease.

Many of these conditions may improve after healing, but some may linger and diminish the quality of life.A study carried out in the Massachusetts General Hospital Recovery Research Institute in Boston examined the impact of recovery on medical ailments which are caused or affected by alcohol and drug abuse.

The researchers printed their findings in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, in a paper titled”Medical burden of disease among individuals in recovery from alcohol and other drug issues in the USA.

The prodigious emotional, social, and interpersonal effect of excessive and chronic alcohol and other drug usage is well-characterized,” said David Eddie, Ph.D., a research scientist and lead author of this study.He continued,”Less well-appreciated is the physical disease burden, particularly among individuals people who have successfully solved a considerable substance use problem.

“According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, in 2016, more than 20 million people aged 12 or older had a substance use disorder linked to alcohol or illegal drugs during the previous calendar year.Of those individuals, roughly 15 million were hooked on alcohol, and over 7 million had an illicit drug use disorder.

The same survey revealed that approximately 21 million people in the U.S. aged 12 or older needed treatment for chemical use addiction, including nearly 4 million individuals who received any treatment for the problem and about 2 million who received the treatment in a specialized facilityHe researchers behind the present study drew from 2017 National Recovery Survey data and developed a sample of more than 2,000 adults in the U.S.

who were recovering from substance use dependence.Of this group, 37 percent had received a diagnosis of at least one of these health issues: liver disease, tuberculosis, HIV or other sexually transmitted infections, cancer, hepatitis C, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart disease, and diabetes.

If somebody doesn’t get therapy, each one these conditions can significantly diminish the quality of life and reduce someone’s life expectancy.The analysis found that hepatitis C, COPD, heart disease, and diabetes occurred more frequently among people in healing, in comparison with the general population.

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